note: these figures represent the number of trial cases that resulted in the death sentence and not necessarily all interracial murders (such as incidents resulting in death, but designated accidental, “self defense” or Stand Your Ground), thus even the decision to try an individual for murder seems highly race dependent. Stated differently, only 19 cases resulted with capital punishment where a white defendant was actually charged with murder and found guilty of killing a black victim.
“In 82% of the studies [reviewed], race of the victim was found to influence the likelihood of being charged with capital murder or receiving the death penalty, i.e., those who murdered whites were found more likely to be sentenced to death than those who murdered blacks.”
- United States General Accounting Office, Death Penalty Sentencing, February 1990
And it gets worse: Crime writer Colin Wilson (now dead) even pointed out that when he was researching in the states, he found that there was a surprising lack of reported white-on-poc crimes (basically if the victims were asian/black/native americans) until 1981.
He asked around to find out why there was such a significant gap of reported violence before the 1980s, only to find out that cops have actually under-reported these incidents whenever it happens. Until 1981 when an FBI reform forced many PDs to report ANY crime regardless of the ethnicity of the victim.
So before 1981, if you’re a victim of rape, murder or theft—and if the perp is white while you’re POC, then your case wouldn’t likely get any attention.
It’s amazing what you can find when you start digging in the past. When a friend of Jody Rosen, New York Magazine’s pop critic, was packing for a move, he unearthed a gem of an “educational” cheat sheet older than the term LGBT itself.
The typed handout is apparently from a 1988 UW-Madison Women’s Studies class and is titled, “When you meet a lesbian: hints for the heterosexual woman.” PolicyMic read through it and can we just say, this is the guide to meeting lesbians we never even knew we needed!
This pioneer was a notable transgender rights activist and popular figure in New York City's gay and art scene, as well as one of the city’s best known trans women of the times. She was a leader in clashes with the police amid theStonewall Riots.
She was a co-founder, along with Sylvia Rivera, of Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (S.T.A.R.) in the 1970s, and also the “mother” of S.T.A.R. House along with Sylvia, getting together food and clothing to help support the young trans women living in the house on the lower East Side of New York.
Once, appearing in a court the judge asked Marsha, “What does the ‘P’ stand for?”, Johnson gave her customary response “Pay it No Mind.” This phrase became her trademark.
In July 1992, her body was found floating in the Hudson River, shortly after the 1992 Pride March. Police ruled the death a suicide, but her friends and supporters denied this, and a people’s postering campaign later declared that Johnson had earlier been harassed near the spot where her body was found. Attempts to get the police to investigate the cause of death were unsuccessful.